This lesson is about counting from 0 to 10 in Moroccan Arabic.
Counting is one of the key skills that students of any language need to acquire from the very beginning of their learning journey.
On this page, you will first learn numbers from 0 to 10 in Moroccan Arabic.
Next, you will learn the two major rules to apply when counting things up to 10 in Moroccan Darija.
To conclude, you will find below an exercise to practice numbers in Darija, as well as the solutions to make sure you got everything right and/or correct any mistakes.
|Number||Transcribed Moroccan Arabic||Moroccan Darija in the Arabic Alphabet|
*Regional accent differences result in some Moroccans saying “jouj”: جوج, and others saying “zouj”: زوج.
Both ways to say “2” are correct and common.
To use numbers from 1 to 10 in Moroccan Arabic, remember the following two key rules.
To use “one” (wa7ed: واحد) in Moroccan Arabic, we apply the following formula:
Wa7ed: واحد (one) + a definite singular noun
Go to the definite articles lesson in Moroccan Arabic here.
Remember that you can also use indefinite singular nouns in Moroccan Arabic without the need to append the number “one” to them.
You can just say “banana”: بنانة, “rajel”: راجل, and “medrasa”: مدرسة.
Also, if you choose to use an indefinite singular noun, you can always have the number “one” follow it for emphasis.
In this case, just like an adjective, the number has to follow the gender of the noun.
So, 1 banana is “banana we7da”: بنانة وحدة, and 1 man is “rajel wa7ed”: راجل واحد.
Click here to go to the lesson on the feminine form in Moroccan Arabic.
To count 2 to 10 in Moroccan Darija, we use the following formula:
Number + “dial”: ديال (often shortened to “d”: د, and meaning “of”) + a definite plural noun.
So, “3 bananas” would literally translate in Moroccan Arabic into “three of the bananas”: telata dial elbananate: تلاتة ديال البنانات.
In Moroccan Arabic, this does not imply that there are more bananas, it’s just how we speak.
An exception to the above rule number 2 is… number 2.
In Moroccan Arabic, the number “2” (jouj/zouj:جوج/زوج) can be used in two different ways.
It can be used with the same rule number 2 above:
Number “2” (jouj/zouj:جوج/زوج) + “dial”: ديال (often shortened to “d”: د, and meaning “of”) + a definite plural noun.
Or using this shortened formula:
Number “2” (jouj/zouj:جوج/زوج) + indefinite plural noun.
You can say “2 bananas” in the following two ways in Moroccan Arabic.
You can either say: jouj d elbananate: جوج د البنانات.
Or: jouj bananate: جوج بنانات.
Remember, for other numbers, such as 3, you can only say “3 bananas” as “Telata dial elbananate“: تلاتة ديال البنانات.
It’s incorrect to say: Telata bananante: تلاتة بنانات.
For those of you familiar with formal Arabic, please note that there is no dual form for nouns in Arabic, so there are no shorter alternatives to count 2 things.
Write the following in Moroccan Darija:
Once done with the exercise, you can scroll down for the solutions.
You can carry on with other Speak Moroccan materials in “Moroccan Arabic – Unit 1”.
Or carry on to other Moroccan Arabic lessons.
Do you want to practice Moroccan Arabic and work on more Darija exercises? Head over to Speak Moroccan Forums.